Open and Distance Learning Education Access to Higher Education in Developing Countries


So how exactly does one explain what an examination malpractice is? In accordance with Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is identified because the “massive and unprecedented punishment of rules and regulations regarding central and public examinations, start from the setting of such examinations through the taking of the examinations, their tagging and grading, to the launch of the outcomes and the issuance of certificates.” In a similar vein, an academic has tried yet another information of this unbridled sensation as “the behave of omission or commission intended to make a student go examination without depending definitely on his/her independent ability or resources.”Image result for 2020 Jamb expo

Specific study findings, findings, instructive and educated submissions of educationalists, academics, and different prime stakeholders in this particular field of the nation’s economy, but, have suggested that there had been one type of examination malpractice or the other before since in the first 1970s when “mass cheating was initially perpetrated in WAEC” (West African-american Examinations Council).

Perhaps, that realisation jolted the examination body at the secondary school level to study severely, various manifestations and extent of this retrogressive inclination. It reportedly, categorised the various kinds of examination malpractice as including bringing in foreign products to examination halls, abnormal activities inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, leakage, bulk cheating and insult/assault on supervisors all through exams.

Other designs of examination malpractices recognized by WAEC include help of prospects by invigilators to solution or have concept to difficult methods, though some invigilators also head to the extent of addressing some areas of the problem for individuals, aside from other types as “giraffing, contraband, bullet, very printing, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros.”

Nevertheless, what’s happened to the success of the country’s knowledge system from that time till this day? Unfortunately, in the extended 21st Century, examination malpractices of various varieties, forms and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and develop into a national problem. The unbecoming tendency voraciously, continues to consume strong to the cultural fabric, right from primary colleges to tertiary institutions of learning over the Nigerian¬†Jamb runs Federation. It’s no wonder then, that the Nigerian Union of Educators (NUT), of recent, passionately requested the National Assembly to declare a situation of emergency in the knowledge industry to be able to consciously revamp the lost honor of the after thriving industry.

While several stakeholders in the industry however, feel that the prevalent malaise the knowledge field is not merely perpetrated by the pupils alone, but also with the productive connivance of different stakeholders, including educators, security agents, examination invigilators, printers, supervisors, and the like, exam malpractices have equally been identified by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the disheartening development as “traditional and institutionalised multibillion Naira company”, where some depraved individuals, teams and institutions give fat in the united states at the time of now.

But then, a applicable issue any honest-minded Nigerians need to question themselves at this moment is: How did Nigeria get to the decadent state in its education market? In the same way some significant stakeholders and professionals severally, have indicated genuine problems concerning the frequent damage regular exam malpractices are wreaking on the state, a number of facets have now been sophisticated because of this unpleasant development.

Among different reasons adduced for the astronomical increase in examination malpractices lately are that using instances, “issues are not linked to the syllabus”, and subsequently, examination malpractices are encouraged. It is also, been so-called that subject syllabuses are overloaded and difficult for examination candidates, so they really sometimes find it difficult to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for debateable individuals and their depraved collaborators to engage in exam irregularities? It’s simply indefensible for individuals to resort to examination irregularities. It’s believed that with established, conscious attempts at succeeding in virtually any worthwhile endeavour, including examinations, “where there is a may, there is a way.”

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